The Strategic, Insightful Type
Independent, Organized, Visionary, and Rational

The INTJ Personality Type in Brief

INTJs approach life with a desire to understand the deeper meaning of all things. They see everything from a global perspective and can quickly connect new information to overall patterns. They are also quick to pick up on themes, connections, and likely outcomes, which helps them to be prepared and rarely surprised. These types have a great deal of inner drive that they use to implement their ideas and visions. Their gift for synthesizing complicated ideas into solid, tangible realities is often unmatched.

INTJs tend to be the philosophers, scientists, and inventors of the world. They seek to understand the essential nature of all things, and they view everything in the broadest, most complex level possible. They see life as having many layers of meaning and their goal is to peel back each layer to discover a deeper sense of understanding. For the INTJ, life is about understanding the “background-processes” of reality. Their intuition drives them to understand the meaning of life itself.

Another hallmark of this type is that they don’t want to just contemplate life’s meaning – they want to put their thoughts into action. They have a gift for organizing ideas, objects, and information to achieve objectives and be productive. Excellent planners and strategists, they seem to innately know how to structure their world so that tasks are completed in a timely way.

  • Driving Force: To understand the “dance of the universe.” To see the underlying meaning of all things.
  • Backup Strength: Understanding of how to organize and structure the outside world to achieve objectives. An eye for logical organization and analysis.
  • Weaknesses: Can lose track of details by focusing so much on the abstract. May become out of touch with reality or panic when having to deal with a lot of details unexpectedly.
  • Stressors: Lack of alone time, over-stimulation, navigating unfamiliar places, dealing with irrational people, multi-tasking, focusing on nitty-gritty details.

The Meaning of the Four-Letter Code (in Brief)

I = Introversion. INTJs focus inwards before outwards, analyzing what things mean to them before responding to the environment.
N = iNtuition. INTJs focus more on the abstract or potential of something than the concrete or existing reality.
T = Thinking. INTJs like to decide things by looking at the logical consequences of their choices. They mentally step away from a situation so that they can examine the pros and cons objectively.
J = Judgment. INTJs like having things settled, decided, and structured. They are typically work-before-play people.

Famous Rumored INTJs: Isaac Newton, Ayn Rand, Friedrich Nietzsche, Mark Zuckerberg, Bobby Fischer, Nikola Tesla, Stephen Hawking, John Adams, Isaac Asimov, Christopher Hitchens, Martin Luther, G.W.F. Hegel, James Cameron, Jodie Foster, Annie Clark, Russell Crowe, Patrick Stewart.

INTJ Overview

A look at the #INTJ personality type in-depth.

One of the most defining qualities of the INTJ personality type is how much they trust their intuitive insights. They are wired to grasp the details of what’s going on beneath the surface, and have a talent for seeing and connecting what others might view as unexplainable information. Patterns and connections are their focus – they want to see how everything in life is connected in a global way. According to neuroscience expert Dario Nardi, INTJs experience a mental state of flow when they are tasked to solve a complex problem or envision a future scenario. As INTJ Nikola Tesla said, “The present is theirs; the future, for which I have really worked, is mine.” Tesla captures what many INTJs feel – that the future is what matters. What’s happening now is only important insomuch as it influences what will happen someday. This can be a good thing in that INTJs have uncannily accurate predictions about how things will play out in the future. It can also be a problem because it can lead the INTJ into a state of perpetual dissatisfaction with the present moment.

INTJs focus on strategizing, envisioning, and understanding. They have a gift for defining goals, creating detailed plans (and contingency plans), and predicting possible outcomes. They have a long-range focus, predicting much further out than many realize. They often feel like they just know something, but they don’t always know how they know it. They find true joy in understanding all the nuts and bolts behind their visions so that they can explain them and take some action because of them. It is extremely frustrating for them when they try to explain their predictions and people won’t listen to them. Many times they find themselves shaking their heads as, weeks, months, or years later, their prediction plays out and people wonder why they weren’t prepared.

Although INTJs are introverts, they will devote a great deal of time and energy towards making things happen in the outside world. They just need to wait till they have an understanding of the implications, nuances, and scope of a project before beginning. Once they have a clear vision they are nearly unstoppable in their efforts. Their drive is focused, powerful, and singular – they feel a compulsion to reach their objectives without getting distracted or tired. This can eventually lead to burnout if they aren’t careful.  When INTJs are working towards a goal they have no problem delegating, leading, and organizing everything (and everyone) in their environment to make their objective a reality. If the people around them seem incompetent then they will try to take the whole project on themselves.

Because INTJs are so skilled at creating and implementing innovative solutions and systems, they are often prized in the workforce. They tend to enjoy working independently, or as part of a small team. Having control over their actions and schedule is important to them. They’ve generally mapped out the most precise, strategic steps to achieve something and don’t want to have to deal with a lot of needless rules or distractions that the wrong leadership can cause. Ideally, INTJs want to work in a structured, organized environment with colleagues who are competent, logical, and productive. They tend to dislike careers that force them to work on a lot of nitty-gritty, detailed tasks or repetitive processes.

Careers INTJs Tend to Do Well In:

Engineer, scientist, programmer, accountant, lawyer, designer, writer, artist, economist, physician, mathematician, executive, editor.

At Their Best:

At their best, INTJs have visionary insight, wisdom, open-mindedness, and strategic capability. They are able to synthesize complex issues and they seem to understand the deeper meanings and perspectives behind what’s going on around them. They are open-minded to people with different preferences, and see the value of Sensing/Feeling/Perceiving preferences rather than believing their mentality is the “best” one. They are accepting of others and, while they still like to be productive, they also know how to relax and enjoy the simple pleasures in life. They enjoy learning from a variety of people and are empathetic, slow to judge, and more in touch with the physical world than they are at average or unhealthy levels.

At this level, INTJs often seem revolutionary in their thinking. They are observant and curious, seeing relationships in things that seem unrelated to most people. They are aware of their weaknesses as well as their strengths, and rely on their long-range thinking to make wise decisions and mentor people around them.

Average INTJs:

At an average level, INTJs seem creative, insightful, organized, and analytical. They have a knack for seeing patterns and connections, and will often plan far in advance for their future and all the goals they want to achieve. When dealing with others, they are fairly private, but also fair, logical, and unafraid to challenge views that seem incorrect or irrational to them.  They may give lots of “feedback” to people about how they could do things better, and may forget to show praise or appreciation.

At this level, they will realize they have some weaknesses and blind spots. These typically show up in a lack of attention to detail, or a lack of sensitivity to other people’s feelings or values. They will start to see how Sensing and Feeling preferences have their value and may seek SF types for input on decisions that aren’t solved by Intuition and Thinking.

Average INTJs are typically effective in the workplace, although they crave a great deal of independence and may tire of jobs that require a lot of management or inter-personal communication. They can also appear critical, impatient, and overly-blunt when dealing with others.

Unhealthy INTJs:

At an unhealthy level, INTJs might overuse their Intuition and experience it in an inflated, unrealistic way. They appear single-minded, intolerant, impractical, and “checked out” of their surroundings. They will use their thinking process to justify their ideas and organize them, but their lack of attention to detail will cause their plans to be less effective. They often fall into the trap of “forcing” logic to comply with their ideas, visions, or arguments.

In conflict situations, unhealthy INTJs tend to state their opinion decidedly and then withdraw  or imply that the other side is just irrational without fully hearing them out. They are often seen by others as condescending, reclusive, pessimistic, and dismissive. It is often hard for them to connect with people because they are so quick to find fault with others and have no problem criticizing other people’s level of intelligence before hearing them out and getting all the relevant facts and details. They can also be task-focused to the point of workaholism, or in contrast, they may be so caught up in their ideas and visions that they fail to be productive at all.

Some INTJs spend the majority of their lives at an average or healthy state, while others fluctuate between the three states depending on their stress levels, environment, and/or maturity. Every individual’s experience will vary.

Personal Growth Recommendations for INTJs:

  • Take time for solitude and peace. Meditate, pray, or let your mind wander without forcing it into a particular direction. Write down any epiphanies, symbols, or ideas that come to you.
  • As you’re listening to someone speak, focus on their intentions and perspective. What are they trying to achieve? What are they feeling emotionally? What’s their motive? This develops your intuition and empathy.
  • When you make a statement about something, identify what’s true and what is an assumption. Are you trying to “bend” logic to fit with your idea? Are there any facts or details you’re missing?
  • Make a list of values that are important to you. Think about the values of the people around you. How can you respect your values in your life choices? How can you respect theirs?
  • If you believe someone is in need of help or emotional support, text them, email them, or sit by them and ask “Is everything okay?”
  • Don’t forget to tap into the present moment. Several times throughout the day make a concerted effort to stay totally present. Listen actively to the person talking to you. Feel your inner sensations. Are there any experiences you could enjoy? Do you need any food, water, or rest? How can you make the most of this moment and fully enjoy it?

What Are Your Thoughts?

Does this article resonate with you as an INTJ? Do you have any experiences or insights to share? Let us know in the comments!

Find Out More About Your Type:

The Shadow of the INTJ Personality Type

5 Reasons Why You’ll Need an INTJ During a Zombie Apocalypse

10 Things That Excite the INTJ Personality Type

7 Reasons Why You Need an INTJ Friend in Your Life

10 Things That Terrify INTJs

Discover what it really means to be an #INTJ personality type. Also find out what they're like at an unhealthy, average, and healthy level. #MBTI #Personality

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Susan Storm is a certified MBTI® practitioner and lover of all things psychology-related. She is the mom of five beautiful children and loves using her knowledge of personality type to understand them and others better! Follow her on Facebook, Twitter, or Pinterest to learn more about type!