So you keep hearing about this MBTI® thing. Maybe you’ve even taken a free knock-off Myers-Briggs-ish personality test. But what are all these letters REALLY about? Is the MBTI® just a glorified Buzzfeed test? Why do people take it so seriously? Is it all a bunch of narcissistic mumbo-jumbo aimed at millennials who want to feel good about themselves while they eat their avocado toast? Well, here’s your quick and easy guide to what the MBTI® is essentially all about.

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A Brief Guide to the MBTI® for Busy People

The History of the MBTI®

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® is based off of the work of Swiss psychoanalyst Carl Jung. Jung was famous for advancing analytical psychology and creating the foundation of psychological type. Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katherine Cooks Briggs, implemented the ideas of Carl Jung to create the MBTI®. The questionnaire is the culmination of 20 years of research by Briggs Myers with her mother and the help of thousands of other individuals, including psychoanalysts, therapists, teachers, and analysts.

What Do Those Letters Mean?

E – Extrovert. You get your energy from interaction with the world around you. The outer world is the REAL world to you and you are energized when you’re engaged with your surroundings.

I – Introvert. You get your energy from the inner world of reflection and ideas. The inner world is the REAL world to you and you’re energized when you’re immersed in thoughts and introspection.

S – Sensor. You’re a realist. You focus on what exists and how to use it in a practical, resourceful way. You like information you can verify through facts and tangible data. You’re observant of the outside world and are tuned into the present moment.

N – iNtuitive. You’re focused on speculating and envisioning hypothetical scenarios. You predict, imagine, and contemplate future possibilities. You are more focused on the future than the present and like to change things up just for the sake of it. The present is often sacrificed for future possibility.

T – Thinker. When you make a decision you focus on logic, cause and effect, pros and cons. You try to step outside of a situation to see it objectively and impersonally. You value truth over tact.

F – Feeler. When you make a decision you focus on how it will impact the people involved. You value empathy and passion and focus primarily on ethics, values, and the personal implications of a decision.

 J – Judger. You want to know what to expect and what the long-term plan is. You want to do one thing at a time and tend to get stressed when multi-tasking. You enjoy having a structured, organized life and you tend to work before you play.

P- Perceiver. You like to follow your impulses and you get a thrill from starting new projects (the finishing part can be hard, though). You like to live a spontaneous, flexible lifestyle and you tend to be skilled at multi-tasking and working with unknowns.

Information-Gathering Versus Deciding

Sensing and Intuition are the information-gathering functions. When we gather data from the outside world we use one of these preferences more easily than the other. Sensors notice concrete facts, details, and actualities. They focus on experiences and tend to be realists. They want to get their hands on things to understand them and they look for evidence and proven methods. Intuitives notice underlying meanings, patterns, and abstract connections. They tend to be more imaginative than realistic. They want to explore hypotheticals and generate ideas and future possibilities. They try to do things in new ways rather than use past methods.

Feeling and Thinking are the decision-making processes. When we are faced with a decision that calls for either personal or impersonal analysis, we usually will choose one method over the other. Feeling types prioritize ethics, values, and personal analysis. They step into a situation to understand how it will impact the people involved. Thinking personality types focus on logic, causality, and pros and cons when making a decision. They step out of the situation to get an objective view of what is happening.

Your Personality Type and Communication

One of the most beneficial byproducts of learning about personality type is communicating better with people who process things differently than you do. Here are some quick guidelines for communicating with the different types:

Introverts – Give them personal space and plenty of time to think over responses before expecting an answer. Invite them to social events, but don’t take it personally if they decline.

Extroverts – Ask questions and let them think out loud. Conversation is an interactive experience and they like to be engaged with a variety of people and experiences. Understand that sometimes when they’re “thinking out loud” they may not be 100% clear on their decision yet.

Sensors – Be literal and straightforward. Don’t beat around the bush, exaggerate, or skip around in time. Use facts and evidence to back up assertions. Focus on practical application or real-world experiences.

Intuitives – Be imaginative and future-oriented. Explain the big picture before getting into the details. Use metaphor and analogy to explain things. Focus on concepts, theories, change, and innovation.

Thinkers – Explain the logic behind your conclusions. Weigh the pros and cons or cause and effect of a decision. Be direct and straightforward. Emotional appeals to these types are likely to seem manipulative rather than heartfelt.

Feelers – Show compassion and empathy. Examine the emotional impact of decisions on the people involved. Acknowledge the feelings of others and be attentive to their words. Be tactful in your approach.

Judgers – Focus on one subject at a time with judgers, they can get stressed when the conversation trails off into many different tangents and topics are left unfinished. Ask for their help in organizing a plan. Don’t interrupt their train of thought. Understand that they will be stressed with things left undecided.

Perceivers – Give them options and alternatives to play with. Don’t push them into a decision until they’ve had a chance to look at all the information. Understand that they will be content with things left undecided and need more time to examine all the options.

Your Personality Type Strengths and Weaknesses

Each personality type has a dominant mental process and an inferior mental process. Our inferior processes tend to be the sources of many of our weaknesses and embarrassments while our dominant processes tend to be easier for us to master and use effectively.

ESTJs, ENTJs – Dominant Extraverted Thinking/Inferior Introverted Feeling

ETJs enjoy creating structure and order in the world around them. They take decisive and effective action, moving quickly to accomplish goals and solve problems. ETJs are typically pragmatic, no-nonsense, and focused on efficiency.

ETJs can struggle to develop a nuanced, understanding view of the people around them. They can get so caught up in focusing on objectives that they lose sight of their own values, feelings, and personal ethics. They may become impatient with the personal problems and emotions of other people, especially if they get in the way of getting a goal achieved.

ISTPs, INTPs – Dominant Introverted Thinking/Inferior Extraverted Feeling

ITPs are gifted at sorting out data and finding inaccuracies as well as connections. They want to understand how things work, not always to achieve a goal, but for the sake of understanding. They are skilled at creating formulas to solve problems and understanding systems and the cause and effect of various actions or decisions.

ITPs can struggle to recognize or understand the emotional motivations of the people around them. It can be hard for them to express themselves emotionally or pick up on social cues and customs. They may feel that being tactful or adhering to social expectations is a waste of time or personally frustrating.

ESFJs, ENFJs – Dominant Extraverted Feeling/Inferior Introverted Thinking

EFJs have a gift for understanding the emotional dynamics of the people around them. They quickly pick up on unmet needs, harmony or lack thereof, discomfort, or hidden expectations. Peacemaking and helping people work through interpersonal issues is something they’re usually skilled at.

EFJs can struggle to stay objective when a decision impacts people. They tend to get so caught up in the human dynamics that the impersonal details get cloudy and confusing. They may get stuck thinking in unproductive circles, or trying to find the most socially desirable answer over the most logical one.

ISFPs, INFPs – Dominant Introverted Feeling/Inferior Extraverted Thinking

IFPs focus on creating inner harmony and meaning in their lives. They believe in understanding the nuances of each individual and creating a tolerant, accepting atmosphere. They are concerned with ethics and morality, but not in the rule-abiding sense. They analyze good and evil and question rules and standards to try to determine the roots and truth of it all. They are usually gifted in understanding people one-on-one and are typically gentle and patient.

IFPs can struggle to create structure and organize their tasks in the most efficient manner. They can also struggle with detaching from their feelings and viewing a situation in a purely objective sense. When dealing with criticism it can be difficult for them not to take it personally.

Read This Next: INFPs, ISFPs and Empathic Mirroring

ENFPs, ENTPs – Dominant Extraverted Intuition/Inferior Introverted Sensing

ENPs have a gift for seeing connections, possibilities, and patterns in the outside world. They enjoy generating ideas for the future and asking “What if?” questions. They like to change things, innovate, and question. They tend to see alternatives where other people see only one solution or possibility. Open-mindedness, innovation, and creativity tend to come naturally to them.

ENPs can struggle to take care of their tangible, physical needs. They may fail to prioritize their health or struggle to create healthy routines. They enjoy starting projects and generating ideas, but finishing projects and employing sustained, methodical effort can be exhausting for them.

Read This Next: The Unique Intelligence of ENFPs, ENTPs, INFPs and INTPs

INFJs, INTJs – Dominant Introverted Intuition/Inferior Extraverted Sensing

INJs tend to see underlying meanings, patterns, and implications that other people miss. They try to understand what’s going on in the background of every situation – what isn’t being said, what isn’t being shown, but what exists nonetheless. They are interested in seeing the long-term implications of current events and tend to have strategic vision.

INJs can struggle to be aware of their external surroundings and the needs of the present moment. They can get so caught up in hypothesizing about future scenarios that they lose sight of the present. They can also become perpetually dissatisfied with the present because they are so anxious to make things better and progress towards a future ideal.

Read This Next: The Remarkable Similarities Between INFJs and INTJs

ESFPs, ESTPs – Dominant Extraverted Sensing/Inferior Introverted Intuition

ESPs are the ultimate realists. They are very aware of what’s happening around them and tend to be resourceful and pragmatic. They are good at troubleshooting during a crisis and finding creative solutions using what’s readily available. They are flexible, spontaneous, and skilled at adapting and blending in. They tend to have a fun, free-spirited nature and enjoy livening up the atmosphere and introducing people to experiences they otherwise might have missed.

ESPs can struggle to focus on the long-term implications of their decisions. They tend to be impulsive and focused primarily on the present moment. When they have to focus on long-term planning or work with a sustained, methodical effort they can feel restless and drained.

ISFJs, ISTJs – Dominant Introverted Sensing/Inferior Extraverted Intuition

ISJs collect facts and wisdom throughout their life that they implement as the need arises. They focus on their personal experiences and impressions, using every bit of knowledge they can to maximize the present moment and avoid repeated mistakes. They are gifted at creating consistency, stability, and routine. They also tend to have advanced inner-body awareness.

ISJs can struggle to innovate or try out new approaches to things because they prefer working with what they know. Being in new, unusual situations tends to cause them a lot of stress. They also can find it especially difficult to adapt or be spontaneous.

Read This Next: Here’s What it’s Like Inside the Mind of an ISFJ, ISTJ, ESFJ or ESTJ

What’s Next?

This guide gives you some of the very basic, but most important facts about personality type. Want to know more? Check out some of these articles:

How Others See You, Based on Your Personality Type

Here’s How You Respond to Grief, Based on Your Personality Type

What Each Myers-Briggs® Personality Type REALLY Wants to Talk About

A quick and easy look at the #MBTI #personality system. #INFJ #INTJ #INFP #INTP

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Susan Storm is a certified MBTI® practitioner and lover of all things psychology-related. She is the mom of five beautiful children and loves using her knowledge of personality type to understand them and others better! Follow her on Facebook, Twitter, or Pinterest to learn more about type!